National Museum of
Anthropology and History
Museo Nacional
de Antropología e Historia
Museo de Antropología

The Maya! Page Three.

Mexico City D.F. Mexico
Travel & Tour
Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.

George & Eve DeLange

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Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia
Museo de Antropología. Mexico City D.F. Mexico.

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National Museum of Anthropology and History - Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia - Museo de Antropología:

Designed in 1963 by Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, helped by Ricardo de Robina, Jorge Campuzano and Rafael Mijares, its architecture alone is magnificent in an area of 79,700 square metre.

Opened in 1964, by President Adolfo López Mateos, the exhibition halls surround a patio with a small pond and a vast square concrete umbrella supported by a single slender pillar around which splashes an artificial cascade. The halls are ringed by gardens, many of which contain outdoor exhibits.

Some of the most fascinating exhibits are the Aztec calendar stone, giant stone Olmec heads from the jungles of Tabasco and Veracruz, treasures recovered from the sacred Mayan well in Chicen Itza, a replica of Lord Pacal's Mayan tomb from Palenque and ethnological displays of rural Mexican life as it is still lived today. It also has a very good model of the location and layout of Tenochtitlan, which puts present-day Mexico City in perspective.

The entrance from Reforma is marked by a colossal statue of the rain god Tláloc, the story goes that its move here from its original home in the east of the city was accompanied by furious downpours in the midst of a drought. As you come into the entrance hall there's a shop selling postcards, souvenirs, books in several languages on Mexican culture, archeology and history, and detailed guides to the museum, which provide full descriptions of most of the important pieces. Straight ahead is a small circular space with temporary exhibitions, usually devoted to the latest developments in archeology and often very interesting.

More of these lie to the right, beyond Rufino Tamayo's mural of a battling jaguar and serpent, where you'll also find the library and museum offices as well as the small 'Sala de Orientación', which presents an audiovisual overview of the major ancient Mexican cultures.

The ticket office, and the entrance to the museum proper, is by the huge glass doors to the right.

You can buy tickets here, too, for the regular guided tours free in Spanish, or for a fee in English, French or German. They're very rushed, but do get you round the whole thing with some form of explanation: labelling inside is rather hit-and-miss, and often in Spanish only. Instead of a real guide, you can also rent an English audio guides to carry around with you.

Every hall has at least one outstanding feature, but if you have limited time, the Aztec and the Maya rooms are the highlights: what else you see should depend on what area of the country you plan to head on to. The first floor is given over to the ethnography collections devoted to the life and culture of the various indigenous groups today: stairs lead up from each side. Downstairs, behind the hall devoted to the cultures of the north and west, is a very welcome restaurant.

The full tour of the 23 rooms museum starts on the right-hand side with three introductory rooms explaining what anthropology is, the nature of and relationship between the chief Mesoamerican cultures, and the region's pre-history. Skip or skim them if you're in a hurry. They're followed on the right-hand side by halls devoted to the pre-Classic, Teotihuacan and Toltec cultures. At the far end is the vast Mexica (Aztec) room, followed around the left wing by Oaxaca (Mixtec and Zapotec), Gulf of Mexico (Olmec), Maya and the cultures of the north and west.

If you have time to see only one museum in Mexico City, this is the one to choose! We have visited this museum every time we tour Mexico City. Each time it has something new to offer.

Allow at least four to five hours to visit. We prefer to allow at least seven to eight hours. There is a very nice resturant with excellent food and service at the museum.

If you plan to do photography. No flash is permitted. Use a digital or film camera with the ability to adjust exposures to compensate for low light. It helps if you have a lens for close up photography and another for wide angle. There is an extra charge for the use of a tripod or video camera.

We do not recommend the museum on Sunday as it is very crowded then.

A brief listing of the halls and their content follows, and some of the principal exhibits of major cultural and artistic value are as follow:

Introduction to Anthropology, Introduction to Mesoamerica, Origins (under restoration), Pre-Classical Central Plateau, Teotihuacan, Tolteca, Mexica, Oaxaca, Gulf of Mexico (under restoration). Maya (under restoration), North, West, and Ethnography.

We will show some of the views of the museum interior below and there will be links to various exhibits, pieces of art, or artifacts on our following museum pages.

The Mexico City International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México or AICM), also called Benito Juárez International Airport (IATA: MEX, ICAO: MMMX) is the major commercial airport that serves Mexico City, the capital of Mexico. It is also Mexico's and Latin America's busiest airport!


There are many very good hotels and motels in the area, if you need a place to stay.

We of course, appreciate your use of the advertising on our pages, since it helps us to keep our pages active.

We would, suggest getting a hotel, and then letting them arrange for either a car, or a tour of Mexico City. If you call their Concierge Services, ahead of your arrival, all of this can be pre-arranged for you.

We have used this method, many times, when traveling in Mexico. We have found it to be safe and it works!!! We have never experienced a problem, doing it this way!

Mayan Room Stucco Facade. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.
Mayan Room Stucco Facade, Center Image Is Sun God, Flanked By Other Deities.

The Original Chac Mool From Inside The Venus Platform, Chichén Itzá or Chichen Itza. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.
The Original Chac Mool From Inside The Venus Platform, Chichén Itzá.

Cenote Sagrado or Sacred Cenote (also variously known as the Sacred Well or Well of Sacrifice) Chichén Itzá, Yucatán, Mexico. Chichén Itzá or Chichen Itza. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.
The "Cenote Sagrado"or Sacred Cenote (also variously known as the Sacred Well or Well of Sacrifice).
Chichén Itzá, Yucatán, Mexico.

Several of these objects came from Chichén Itzá or Chichen Itza, in the northern part of the Mexican State of Yucatán.

The northern part of the Mexican State of Yucatán is very dry with no above-ground rivers.

Very near Chichén Itzá there are two large, natural sink holes, called cenotes, that provided plentiful water year round at Chichén Itzá, making it attractive for settlement.

Of the two cenotes, the "Cenote Sagrado" or Sacred Cenote (also variously known as the Sacred Well or Well of Sacrifice), is the most famous.

The pre-Columbian Maya sacrificed objects and human beings into the Sacred Cenote as a form of worship to the Maya rain god Chaac.

When archaeologist, Edward Herbert Thompson dredged the Cenote Sagrado from 1904 to 1910, and recovered artifacts of gold, jade, pottery, and incense, as well as human remains which had wounds consistent with human sacrifice.

Some of these items are shown on this page.

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Tablet. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.Chichén Itzá Gold. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.
Tablet From Chichén Itzá.Gold From Chichén Itzá
Sacred Cenote.
Chichén Itzá Gold. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.Chichén Itzá Gold. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.
Gold From Chichén Itzá
Sacred Cenote.
Gold From Chichén Itzá
Sacred Cenote.
Chichén Itzá Gold. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.Chichén Itzá Gold. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.
Gold From Chichén Itzá
Sacred Cenote.
Gold From Chichén Itzá
Sacred Cenote.
Chichén Itzá Gold. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.Chichén Itzá Gold. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.
Gold From Chichén Itzá
Sacred Cenote.
Gold From Chichén Itzá
Sacred Cenote.
Chichén Itzá Gold. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.Chichén Itzá Gold. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.
Gold From Chichén Itzá
Sacred Cenote.
Gold From Chichén Itzá
Sacred Cenote.
Chichén Itzá Gold. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.Chichén Itzá Gold. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.
Gold From Chichén Itzá
Sacred Cenote.
Gold From Chichén Itzá
Sacred Cenote.
Chac Mool Chichen Itza. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.Chac Mool Chichen Itza. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.
Chac Mool From Inside
Venus Platform, Chichén Itzá.
Chac Mool From Inside
Venus Platform, Chichén Itzá.
Jaguar. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.Kukulkan. National Museum of Anthropology and History or Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia or Museo de Antropología In Mexico City D.F. Mexico Travels & Tours, Pictures, Photos, Images, & Reviews.
Jaguar Devouring A Heart
Chichén Itzá.
Kukulkan - Sun Symbols
Chichen Itza.

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Other National Museum Attractions!

Back To National Museum of Anthropology and History - Main Page - One

National Museum of Anthropology and History, The Maya I Page One

National Museum of Anthropology and History. The Maya II Page Two

National Museum of Anthropology and History, The Olmecs

National Museum of Anthropology and History, The Gulf Coast

National Museum of Anthropology and History, The Mexica

National Museum of Anthropology and History, Oaxaca

National Museum of Anthropology and History, The Toltec

National Museum of Anthropology and History, Teotihuacan

Other Mexico City Attractions!