|Hedgehog Cactus, Echinocereus engelmannii|
|Hedgehog Cactus, Cactacae Family|
|Echinocerens is from Greek echinos,|
meaning "a hedgehog,"
and cereus meaning "a wax taper."
|Echinocereus engelmannii||Flowers Bloom About Two Weeks|
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The more common strawberry hedgehog has bright pink flowers in spring, but some varieties have different colors, from purple to lavender. The flowers are up to 3 inches in diameter, 2 to 3.2 inches long. The flowers close at night and reopen in the morning.
Growth Habits: Clumping columnar cactus, mostly erect light green stems, 4 to 12 inches tall (10-30 cm), 2 to 4 inches diameter (5-10 cm), branching freely from the base; 11 to 14 low obtuse ribs; 4 to 6 yellow or brownish central spines, 2 to 3 inches long (5-7 cm); 10 to 13 radials, 0.4 inch long (1 cm).
There have been 9 recognized varieties having a wide variance of color schemes of the spines. but 'var. nicholii' was reclassified as a separate species. The remaining 8 varieties are still undergoing scientific scrutiny as to determine their taxonomic status. The other varieties are: acicularis, armatus, chrysocentrus, engelmannii, howei, munzii, purpureus & variegatus.
Height: 6 - 24 inches high. Most are 6" - 8". About 24 - 36 inches wide.
Flowers: Red-violet or fuchsia colored flowers; Cup Shaped, 2" - 3" long and wide. Blossoms last for about five days. Flowers close at night and reopen in the morning. Green stigma in center.
Flowering Time: April - August.
Stems: Cylendrical and Green, up to 3" in diameter. with 10 - 13 small ribs. They often grow together in a base of a loose cluster of stems which can spread out as large as 3" in size.
Spines: Straight 4 to 6 yellow or brownish central spines, 2 to 3 inches long ; 10 to 13 radials, 0.4 inch long.
Fruit: Red, Up to 1" long and 3/4" in diameter fruit which is edible. It is said to taste like strawberries, and is eaten by birds and rodents.
Found: Throughout Arizona. Normally at well drained deserts and slopes. There are 6 species of Echinocereus in Arizona.
Soil pH requirements:
Elevation: 0 to 8,000 Feet.
Habitat: Desert; sandy slopes, flats, and rocky hillsides.
Miscellaneous: Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping. Suitable for growing in containers. Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling. Flowering Photos Taken April 23, 2003 and April 13, 2004 near Lake Pleasant.
|© 1966 - Present, Audrey, Eve, & George DeLange|