|Dwarf Peach, Prunus persica: Fruit After One Year!|
|Dwarf Peach Tree||Peach Blossom, Prunus persica|
|Dwarf Peach Fruit||Prunus persica Fruit|
Dwarf Peach Trees.
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Peach Trees have been cultivated from time immemorial in most parts of Asia, and appears to have been introduced into Europe from Persia, as its name implies. At what period it was introduced into Greece is uncertain. The Romans seem to have brought it direct from Persia during the reign of the Emperor Claudius.
When first introduced it was called Malus persica, or Persian Apple. The expedition of Alexander probably made it known to Theophrastus, 392 B.C., who speaks of it as a Persian fruit. It has no name in Sanskrit; nevertheless, the people speaking that language came into India from the Northwest, the country generally assigned to the species.
In support of the supposed Chinese origin, it may be added that the Peach-tree was introduced from China into Cochin-China, and that the Japanese call it by the Chinese name, Too.
The Peach is mentioned in the books of Confucius, fifth century before the Christian era, and the antiquity of the knowledge of the fruit in China is further proved by representations of it in sculpture and on porcelain.
Dwarf trees are very popular for use in the home grounds. They take less room and are adapted to container growing. Dwarf trees produce fruit of the same size, color and quality as larger standard tree. Dwarf trees are developed through the use of dwarfing rootstocks or genetic manipulation. Genetic dwarfs usually have very short internodes and dense foliage but have to be pruned, fertilized and cared for in the same manner as a standard size tree.
Genetic dwarf fruit trees are compact and short; few exceed 7 feet in height, with an equal spread. You can fit one neatly into the smallest garden, or plant four in the same space it takes to grow one standard tree. They bear normal-size fruit, with most producing about a fifth as much as a regular fruit tree.
Genetic dwarfs, on the other hand, are created by propagating a naturally very compact variety on a standard-size rootstock. In general, genetic dwarfs look almost muscular, with closely spaced leaves and growth buds.
General care. Because genetic dwarf fruit trees are so small, they are easy to care for. They need very little pruning other than shaping and removing criss-crossing branches and suckers. Opening up the center of the tree increases air circulation and helps prevent some insects and diseases. Controlling pests is simplified because there's no need for a powerful sprayer.
Fruit thinning. This aspect of growing the trees needs special attention. Like the leaves, the flowers and fruit of genetic dwarfs are very closely spaced. If the fruit are not thinned when they reach about thumbnail size, you'll end up with a lot of very small, poor-quality fruit.
Leave 5 to 6 inches between fruit on apricots, peaches, and nectarines.
There are four main advantages to growing dwarf trees and they are:
Type: Considered a fruit, technically it is a Drupe.
Height: About 6 - 12 feet with slightly less spread..
Spread: About 5 - 10 feet wide.
Flowers: White flowers grouped in a corymb.
Blooming Time: Spring; April - May.
Fruit: Large, golden yellow skin, brownish red blush, classic shape with smooth, white flesh. Harvest from mid-August to mid-September.
Leaves: The leaves are simple, glossy green leaves that alternate on the twig. They grow up to 3" long, are thick with slight midrib curves folding the edges inwards. They have fine teeth on the margin.
Elevation: 0 - 8,500 feet. Days of low temperature more important than elevation.
Light: Full Sun to 8 Hour Sun.
Soil pH requirements:
Habitat: Found throughout Arizona at well watered higher orchards, & landscapes. 1000 - 5000 Feet.
Native: Asia Minor.
Miscellaneous: Flowering Photos Taken; April 6, 2003. In Glendale, Arizona.
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Images And Text Copyright Eve & George DeLange.