Villa de Zaachila (VEE-yah dai SAH-ah-CHEE-lah), town, Oaxaca, S Mexico, in Sierra Madre del Sur, and 7 mi/11.3 km S of Oaxaca; 16°57'N 96°45'W. Listed on most Mexico maps as; Santa Inés del Monte. Grows cereals, sugarcane, tobacco, fruit. Pre-Columbian ruins nearby. Once the capital of the powerful Zapotec people. Formerly Zaachila, also Santa Maria Zaachila.
The ruins are located in town near the Iglesia de Santa María, Catholic Church.
Zaachila Ruins: The last Zapotec capital from which the names of a number of rulers are known. Zaachila was also the last Zapotec capital following the fall of Monte Alban. The site flourished from 1100-1521 AD. Toward the end, Zaachila was conquered by the Mixtecs, who occupied it until the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors. The name "Zaachila" is derived from the term "House of Zaachila", referencing the pre-Colombian Zapotec king "Zaachila Yoo." There is a huge (mostly unexplored) pyramid in the center of the town with a series of large stones containing hieroglyphs on one side of the main plaza.
The archaeological zone has been partially excavated and includes a large man-made pyramid and a series of mounds. Mound A contains four tombs; Tomb 1 and Tomb 2 are the most outstanding.
Tomb 1: The entrance to Tomb 1 is decorated with feline heads. The interior contains seven stucco figures. Six are arranged as pairs along the central walls. In the antechamber are representations of owls and two people with the dates "5 Flower" and "9 Flower". At the rear was a human figure covered by a tortoise shell and serpent headdress. The tomb contained the remains of 11 people, and ceramics of Mixtec style that date to the Monte Alban V period.
Tomb 2: A single, undecorated room. The tomb contained many very rich offerings, including jewelry and objects of gold and precious jade stone. These are said to be at the museum in Mexico City, but we did not see any of them when we were there.
This is a definite must see ruins. The guard is very nice and helpful. Ask him to show you the photos of the gold which was found in Tomb Two.
The Xoxocotlán International airport (IATA: OAX, ICAO: MMOX) Is the international airport located at Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico. It handles the national and international air traffic for the city of Oaxaca.
We have links on this page that will connect you with flights into and out of the Xoxocotlán International airport and allow you to book any of several of the best hotels in Oaxaca.
We suggest getting a hotel and then letting them arrange either a car or a tour of Oaxaca. If you call their Concierge Services ahead of your arrival, all of this can be pre-arranged for you.
We do this all the time, when traveling in Mexico. It is safe and it works!!! We have never experienced a problem, doing it this way!
We have placed links to Priceline.com on this page so you can arrange your flights into and out of Oaxaca; as well as your hotel, when visiting this area. We found that generally speaking, they provide the best hotel and air flight prices into Oaxaca.
|Zaachila Archaeological Ruins Entrance Oaxaca Mexico|
|Zaachila Archaeological Ruins Site Map Oaxaca Mexico|
At Zaachila Site
Unexcavated South Section
|Mound A, Containing Tombs 1 & 2|
Going Into Tomb One
Coming Out Of Tomb Two
They Are Not Connected
Tomb One Underground Entrance
|Tomb Two Underground Entrance|
Looking Out Of Tomb One
|Looking Out Of Tomb Two|
|Tomb One||Tomb One, Tortoise Shell Person|
|Tomb One, Owl Figure||Tomb One, Owl Figure|
|Tomb One, Five Flower Figure||Tomb One, Nine Flower Figure|
|Tomb One, Phallic Symbols||Tomb One, Phallic Symbols|
|Tomb One, Left Decor||Tomb One, Right Decor|
|Unexcavated South Section||Unexcavated East Plaza|
|Mound E In Background||Tomb One Decor|
|Monte Alban Ruins
|Cuilapan Monastery & Church Ruins
|Mitla Ruins Ruins
|Teotitlan del Valle Ruins
|Tule - Largest Tree In The World
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